If you don’t wear a face sun cream all year round, now is probably the time to think about adding one into your daily routine. That youth serum you swear by means nada if you’re not protecting yourself from the most potent skin ruiner – UV rays. If you’re feeling a little clueless, don’t worry, we’ve spoken to the experts to bring to you SPF 101.
SPF, or Sun Protection Factor. It measures the level of protection a product will give you from UVB he kind of radiation that causes sunburn, damages skin, and can contribute to skin cancer.. The British Association of Dermatologists recommends using a minimum of SPF 30, which blocks 97% of UVB.
- If your skin would normally burn after 10 minutes in the sun, applying an SPF 15 sunscreen would allow you to stay in the sun without burning for approximately 150 minutes (a factor of 15 times longer). This is a rough estimate that depends on skin type, the intensity of sunlight and the amount of sunscreen used. SPF is actually a measure of protection from the amount of UVB exposure and it is not meant to help you determine the duration of exposure.
- For best protection, experts recommend using a minimum SPF sunscreen of 15, applying the proper amount (2mg/cm2 of skin, or about one ounce for full body coverage), and reapplying every 2 hours.
- Most people under-apply sunscreens, UNFORTUNATELY, DON’T LET THAT BE YOU.
TAKE INTO ACCOUNT YOUR TYPE OF SKIN
When it comes to blemished, acne-prone or sensitive skin, keep an eye on the ingredient list.
There are two types of agents used in a sunscreen: physical and chemical. Some of the chemical agents used in sunscreens cause irritation.
Benzophenones are probably the most common culprits, but there are other chemicals that may even cross-react with sunlight to cause a skin reaction.
Keep it simple and avoid extra unnecessary ingredients like fragrances and preservatives. Heavy oils and shea butter are a no-no.
Alcohol can also dry out and irritate the skin, so try and opt for non-comedogenic and alcohol-free creams.
Dry skin sufferers, you’re in luck, because SPF serums are now a thing and there are already loads of hydrating moisturizers with SPF built in.
Here are some of the most common signs of sun damage:
- Sunburns may last only a few days, but they add up to skin problems later in life. When you have a mild sunburn, your skin turns red and feels painful and warm to the touch. You may be itchy, and your skin may peel. Blisters mean you have a bad burn. See a doctor if you have severe pain or a fever of 101 For higher for longer than 48 hours.
- Actinic keratoses are scaly, rough patches of skin or raised bumps that look like warts or horns. They usually show up on your face, scalp, ears, neck, arms, and hands. They can be dark tan, red, pink, or the same color as your skin, and they can come and go. Sometimes they itch. Your doctor will want to watch for changes in these spots and maybe even remove them. Up to 10% can turn into skin cancer.
- Actinic cheilitis is a form of actinic keratosis on your lips. If they’re always dry or split or you have a white, scaly spot on your bottom lip, let your doctor know.
- Age spots, also called liver spots or lentigines, might look like extra-large freckles. These discolored areas, which can be as big as a quarter, tend to get darker and show up more often with age. A spot that was tan when you first noticed it in your 30s can turn brown and then dark brown in your 40s and 50s. Keep an eye on these spots, and tell your doctor if you notice changes in texture, a raised surface, more than one color within the spot, sudden darkening, or an oddly shaped border.
- Atypical moles are very common, but it’s important to watch for changes to them. If you have one that grows, has an irregular border or uneven surface, changes color, itches, bleeds, or gets darker, it’s time for a trip to the doctor’s office.
- Rosaceacan be another way the sun affects you. Sun rays are powerful enough to harm the small blood vessels under your skin. So when you blush or flush, fluid leaks out and causes red blotches and bumps on your face. It usually comes and goes at first, but the condition can stick around over time. It’s most common in white women between ages 30 and 60.
- Wrinkles, laugh lines, crow’s feet — whatever you call them, they’re a sign of your time in the sun. Exposure to sunlight, even long ago, frays the fibers that prop up firm skin. It speeds the wrinkling process and may give you sags and droops beyond your years.
- Poikiloderma of Civatte, also known as sun aging, is a condition that colors the skin on your neck and cheeks a reddish-brown. It can come along with burning, itching, and extra sensitivity, too. If you suspect this problem, have a doctor look at it.
-DON’T FORGET TO HYDRATE-
Thank you for reading.
Team Image xoxo